Simple Static Site Hosting on S3

I wanted a simple way to build and host static sites on S3. I already had various apps storing files and pulling data from S3. I figured I could whip up a tiny app to make it easy to build up a static site and deploy it to S3. I decided to go with a simple rake task that can take template ERB files along with some data and merge it with the contents of a public folder and sync that rendered static files over to S3.

The first site I am using this technique on is a collection of some of my little side projects. I called the site PicoAppz and plan on hosting a number of projects there as subdomains, so I don’t have to buy a new domain for each of my little one off projects.

You can see the source code for PicoAppz on Github, the code started incredibly small and has grown as I added automatically pulling the latest screenshots of my apps, rebuilding the site on deploy, and I have started to build a Sinatra based admin app which will let me control some of the meta data.

Static Site Publishing Code

The primary piece of code you would want to look at to grok the static site generation flow would be lib/pico_appz.

Two primary entry points called from rake

  def build
    copy_public_folder
    render_templates_to_tmp
    upload_to_s3
  end

  def preview
    copy_public_folder
    render_templates_to_tmp
    `open ./tmp/index.html`
  end

Then this basically breaks down to these small 3 steps

  def copy_public_folder
    puts 'copying'
    `cp -r ./public/ ./tmp`
  end

  def render_templates_to_tmp
    puts 'building'
    Dir["./lib/views/**/*.erb"].each do |file|
      puts "processing #{file}"
      template = File.read(file)
      rendered_file = Erubis::Eruby.new(template).result({:title => "picoappz", :data => app_data, :gh_data => fetch_github_data})
      output_file = file.gsub(/\.erb/,'').gsub(/\/lib\/views/,"/tmp")
      File.open(output_file, 'w') {|f| f.write(rendered_file) }
    end
  end

  def upload_to_s3
    puts 'uploading'
    Dir["./tmp/**/*.*"].each do |file|
      unless File.directory?(file)
        mimetype = `file --mime-type -b #{file}`.gsub(/\n/,"")
        mimetype = 'text/css' if file.match(/\.css/)
        filename = file.gsub(/\.\/tmp\//,'')
        puts "uploading #{file} to #{filename}"
        write_file(filename, File.read(file), :content_type => mimetype)
      end
    end
  end

The trickiest bit in there is that you need to have the correct mime type to set on files when you upload them to S3. It took me a couple attempts to find something that would be safe to call on either OSX or Ubuntu, but so far this seems to work everywhere I run it.

Setup DNS

I was a little confused after reading some of the information about configuring DNS for S3 sites. Most of the tutorials you will find are pretty good, but some are out of date particularly with respects to hosting root domains without a ‘www’ vs with ‘www’. I was planning on hosting a number of sites on subdomains, and decided I wanted the main site to be with ‘www’ always on.

I use DNSimple to manage my domains, it was easy to set up two manual entries in my DNS to cover the root and www versions of the page.

  • URL picoappz.com 600 http://www.picoappz.com (This is a alias that will have all root traffic forward to ‘www’)
  • CNAME www.picoappz.com 600 www.picoappz.com.s3-website-us-east-1.amazonaws.com (This CNAME points at my s3 bucket for the site.)

For AWS S3, you just create a new bucket and configure some settings

  • Make sure to have ‘Enable website hosting’ turned on
  • I set my index document to index.html which I upload as the root of the site
  • Under permissions add a bucket policy similar to

      {
        "Version": "2008-10-17",
        "Statement": [
          {
            "Sid": "AddPerm",
            "Effect": "Allow",
            "Principal": {
              "AWS": "*"
            },
            "Action": "s3:GetObject",
            "Resource": "arn:aws:s3:::www.picoappz.com/*"
          }
        ]
      }
    

That should be pretty much it. Now I plan on being able to very quickly add and build out other mini-sites and side projects that I can easily host on S3. If you are interested a bit more about how it fetches screenshots and the code that actually handles write_file to upload to S3 check out the source, both are in the lib directory of the project on github. It should be pretty easy to follow, make sure you set all the require ENV variables in your environment.

The Result

[master][~/projects/picoappz] rake build
copying
building
processing ./views/index.html.erb
uploading
uploading ./tmp/404.html to 404.html
uploading ./tmp/css/application.css to css/application.css
uploading ./tmp/css/bootstrap-image-gallery.min.css to css/bootstrap-image-gallery.min.css
uploading ./tmp/css/bootstrap-responsive.css to css/bootstrap-responsive.css
uploading ./tmp/css/bootstrap-responsive.min.css to css/bootstrap-responsive.min.css
uploading ./tmp/css/bootstrap.css to css/bootstrap.css
uploading ./tmp/css/bootstrap.min.css to css/bootstrap.min.css
uploading ./tmp/img/Blog2Ebook-clipped.png to img/Blog2Ebook-clipped.png
uploading ./tmp/img/Blog2Ebook-full.png to img/Blog2Ebook-full.png
uploading ./tmp/img/Blog2Ebook-thumb.png to img/Blog2Ebook-thumb.png
uploading ./tmp/img/blog2ebook.png to img/blog2ebook.png
uploading ./tmp/img/blog2ebook_sm.png to img/blog2ebook_sm.png
uploading ./tmp/img/Churn-clipped.png to img/Churn-clipped.png
uploading ./tmp/img/Churn-full.png to img/Churn-full.png
uploading ./tmp/img/Churn-thumb.png to img/Churn-thumb.png
uploading ./tmp/img/churn.png to img/churn.png
uploading ./tmp/img/churn_sm.png to img/churn_sm.png
uploading ./tmp/img/GitHub-Mark-120px-plus.png to img/GitHub-Mark-120px-plus.png
uploading ./tmp/img/GitHub-Mark-32px.png to img/GitHub-Mark-32px.png
uploading ./tmp/img/GitHub-Mark-64px.png to img/GitHub-Mark-64px.png
uploading ./tmp/img/glyphicons-halflings-white.png to img/glyphicons-halflings-white.png
uploading ./tmp/img/glyphicons-halflings.png to img/glyphicons-halflings.png
uploading ./tmp/img/nothing_calendar-clipped.png to img/nothing_calendar-clipped.png
uploading ./tmp/img/nothing_calendar-full.png to img/nothing_calendar-full.png
uploading ./tmp/img/nothing_calendar-thumb.png to img/nothing_calendar-thumb.png
uploading ./tmp/img/nothing_calendar.jpg to img/nothing_calendar.jpg
uploading ./tmp/img/nothing_calendar.jpg-clipped.png to img/nothing_calendar.jpg-clipped.png
uploading ./tmp/img/nothing_calendar.jpg-full.png to img/nothing_calendar.jpg-full.png
uploading ./tmp/img/nothing_calendar.jpg-thumb.png to img/nothing_calendar.jpg-thumb.png
uploading ./tmp/img/nothing_calendar.pdf to img/nothing_calendar.pdf
uploading ./tmp/img/nothing_calendar.png to img/nothing_calendar.png
uploading ./tmp/img/nothing_calendar_sm.png to img/nothing_calendar_sm.png
uploading ./tmp/img/NothingCalendar-clipped.png to img/NothingCalendar-clipped.png
uploading ./tmp/img/NothingCalendar-full.png to img/NothingCalendar-full.png
uploading ./tmp/img/NothingCalendar-thumb.png to img/NothingCalendar-thumb.png
uploading ./tmp/index.html to index.html
uploading ./tmp/js/application.js to js/application.js
uploading ./tmp/js/bootstrap-image-gallery.min.js to js/bootstrap-image-gallery.min.js
uploading ./tmp/js/bootstrap.js to js/bootstrap.js
uploading ./tmp/js/bootstrap.min.js to js/bootstrap.min.js
uploading ./tmp/js/jquery-2.0.3.min.js to js/jquery-2.0.3.min.js
uploading ./tmp/js/load-image.js to js/load-image.js


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Welcome to Dan Mayer's development blog. I primary write about Ruby development, distributed teams, and dev/PM process. The archives go back to my first CS classes during college when I was first learning programming. I contribute to a few OSS projects and often work on my own projects, You can find my code on github.

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Github @danmayer